Plains CO2 Reduction (PCOR) Partnership

Fort Nelson CCS Feasibility Project

Photo of the Fort Nelson CCS Feasibility Project
Led by Spectra Energy, the Fort Nelson Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) Feasibility Project is an international collaboration that includes industry, government (Natural Resources Canada, the U.S. Department of Energy, and the province of British Columbia), universities, and an experienced, multidisciplinary technical team. The project is in the feasibility stage of development but has the potential to become the largest application of deep saline geologic storage in North America. The project aims to reduce CO2 emissions from Spectra Energy’s Fort Nelson natural gas processing plant by injecting approximately 2.4 million tons (2.2 million tonnes) of CO2 annually into a deep carbonate formation for long-term geologic storage.

The Fort Nelson CCS Feasibility Project provides a unique opportunity to develop a set of cost-effective, risk-based monitoring techniques for large-scale storage of CO2 in deep saline formations. An approach is being used that integrates site characterization; modeling and simulation; risk assessment; and monitoring, verification, and accounting (MVA) into an iterative process. Elements of these activities are crucial for understanding and developing the safe storage, management, and operation of the CCS project. The lessons learned and best practices employed will provide the data, information, and knowledge needed to develop similar CCS projects across the region.

The PCOR Partnership’s role in the Fort Nelson CCS Feasibility project will run from 2007 to 2017. The injection site was chosen in 2008, and the drilling for the exploration well and shallow groundwater-monitoring wells was completed in the spring of 2009. Should the technical, regulatory, and commercial feasibility of the project be confirmed, large-scale injection is planned. Spectra Energy intends to continue injection of CO2 over the remaining operational lifetime of the Fort Nelson natural gas processing plant, which is estimated to be more than 25 years. The MVA plan will play a vital role in managing the CCS project and monitoring the safe storage of the CCS through all phases of the project, including postinjection. The MVA data may also be used to modify and improve the injection design, if needed. Spectra Energy will continue to provide regular updates to all stakeholders over the course of the project. A comprehensive report will be issued at the completion of the project.
The Fort Nelson CCS Feasibility Project is recognized by the international Carbon Sequestration Leadership Forum (CSLF) as being uniquely qualified to fill technological gaps with regard to geologic storage of CO2.

CSLF is a ministerial-level international climate change initiative focused on the development of improved cost-effective CCS technologies. The mission of CSLF is to facilitate the development and deployment of such technologies via collaborative efforts that address key technical, economic, and environmental obstacles.


Fact Sheet
April 2011

April 2012